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外研社英语八年级阅读理解.docx

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外研社 英语 年级 阅读 理解
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Reading Comprehension for Module 2(A)western children get their pocket money by different kinds of ways. Some children help their parents to do housework to get some pocket money. Children usually begin to do housework at the age of 10. They are busy with subjects from Monday to Friday, so they have to do housework on weekends. They clean the floor, windows and cars. They cut the grass, feed animals, or cook dinner for their families.When children get older, they work harder to make more money. Some children send newspapers. They have to get up early in the morning to send the newspapers from door to door. It’s a hard job. But they can make more money. Some high school children can also make more money by cutting grass, looking after babies and feeding animals for others.Of course, they also do some volunteering jobs. They work hard and ask for no money. This can help them a lot in their study and life.As you can see, it’s good for children to do some part-time or volunteering jobs. It helps kids to improve themselves. So parents support them very much.( )1. Western children make pocket money ___________.A. on weekends B. on weekdays C. at the age of tem D. every day( )2. If school children want to make more money, they can ________.A. do cleaning or cooking for their familiesB. cut grass or feed animals for their familiesC. find a volunteering job to help othersD. send newspapers or do housework for others( )3. What does “volunteering” mean in the fourth paragraph?A. 额外的 B. 志愿的 C. 低薪的 D. 零碎的( )4. Why do western parents support their kids in jobs?A. Children can improve themselves. C. Children can get some money.B. It’s good for western parents. D. Children work without money.( )5. Which is NOT true about children’s jobs?A. It’s good for kids’ study and life. C. It helps kids to improve themselves.B. It’s a good way to help parents. D. Parents support them in the jobs.(B)Four seasons of a treeMany years ago, there was an old man who had four sons. He wanted his sons to learn not to judge (判断) things too quickly. So he told them to go and look at a pear tree. It was far away from his home. The first son went in winter, the second in spring, the third in summer, and the youngest son in autumn. When the sons came back, the old man asked them to say what they had seen. The first son complained the tree was ugly. The second son said the tree was covered with buds and full of hope. The third son said the tree was full of green leaves. They looked so beautiful, and it was the most wonderful thing he had ever seen. The youngest son said that the tree was bowed down with heavy fruits. It was full of life and fulfillment (收获). The man explained that all of his sons were right, but each of them had seen just one season of the tree. He told them that they couldnt judge a tree or a person by only one season." If you give up when its winter, you will miss the hope of your spring, the beauty of your summer, and the fulfillment of your autumn." Said the old man It is true that we shouldnt let the hard season break the happiness of the other seasons. Never give up during the difficult days and better times are sure to come some day. ( )6. Why did the old man ask his sons to look at the pear tree? A. Because he liked eating pears. B. Because the tree was important to his family. C. Because he wanted to teach them not to judge things too quickly. D. Because his sons didnt judge things quickly. ( )7. The fourth son went to see the tree in ______.A. Spring B. Summer C. Autumn D. Winter ( )8. The underlined word "buds" probably means ______ in Chinese. A. 叶子 B. 枝条 C. 果实 D. 花蕾 ( )9. Which of the following is true? A. The pear tree was near his home. B. The third son said the tree was beautiful. C. The four sons all liked the tree. D. Even you give up in winter, you can still get hope in other seasons. ( )10. Whats the main idea of this passage?A. Dont judge a life by one difficult season.B. Fathers love is great.C. Every tree has four seasons. D. Life is difficult for everyone.(C)Marco PoloIt is difficult to imagine what the world was like in 1254. Europe was living in an age that we call the Medieval Period (中世纪). It was a time of many wars (战争).It was in that time that Marco Polo was born in Venice, Italy. Life in Venice was different from life in most of Europe. Venice was a city of beautiful buildings and water canals (运河). Many businessmen did business in Venice. Marco Polo’s father and uncle were businessmen. They had traveled to a far-off country called Cathay. (Cathay is now called China.) There they had friends with the great ruler, Kublai Khan(忽必烈). He invited them to return to Cathay.When Marco Polo was seventeen years old, he began a journey to China with his father and uncle. They sailed the Indian Ocean and crossed the desert and mountains of Asia on camels. The journey to China took three years.Kublai Khan greeted the Polos and sent them lots of gifts. He was especially impressed (留印象) with Marco, who could speak four languages including Chinese and others.Khan sent Marco on many trips through China. On these trips, Marco saw many amazing things that he had never seen in Europe, such as coal used as fuel, paper money instead of coins, and papermaking and printing processes. Marco made many notes about life in China.After almost twenty years in China, the Polos began their journey home to Italy. Kublai Khan gave them many gifts of ivory, silk, jewels, and jade.When they returned to Venice, they found their city at war. Marco Polo was put in prison. He spent his time writing a book about his years in China. The book is called Descriptions of the World. It became the most popular book in Europe. Because of the book, many people in Europe learned about life in China.Answer the following questions.(根据短文内容回答下列问题。) ( 12分)11. When was Marco Polo born? ______________________________________________________12. At what age did Marco Polo begin a journey to China? _________________________________13. How many languages could Marco Polo speak? _______________________________________14. How long did Polos stay in China? _________________________________________________15. How did many people in Europe learn about life in China?_________________________________________________________________________________(D)Rising temperaturesIf the temperature rises by 5 degrees tomorrow, you will probably take off just one coat. But such a change in the average world temperature would be a serious problem. Many animals and plants would not be able to deal with these changes, and would die. The UNEP(联合国环境规划署)released the Report 2012 on November 21, 2012. It says that if we don’t take action now, the world temperature will have risen by 3 to 5 degrees by the end of this century. The report was written by 55 scientists from 20 countries. Scientists have set a goal for greenhouse gases sending out to limit the world temperature rise to only 2 degrees this century. But according to the report, people have already let out 14 percent more greenhouse gases than they should have done. A large rise in temperatures could be terrible for us and for many other living things on Earth. Sea levels will rise because higher temperatures will cause melting ice to flow into the sea. Large coastal(沿海的)cities in countries such as the Netherlands and Bangladesh could be flooded. Some plants such as corn and sugarcane(甘蔗)will not grow well in higher temperatures. Some countries, such as Brazil and parts of Africa, will not have enough food. The change may cause less rain and even make some places very dry. On November 26, people from around 200 nations and regions gathered again in Doha(多哈)for the annual UN climate talks. “Climate change is coming to all human beings and effective actions need to be taken to deal with it, ”president of the conference said at the opening ceremony. 根据短文内容, 判断正误(T/F)。 (  )1. Doha World Climate Conference opened on November 26, 2012. (  )2. The Report 2012 released by the UNEP was written by fifty scientists from twenty countries. (  )3. People from around 200 nations and regions gathered again in Doha to hold the annual UN climate talks. (  )4. A large rise in temperatures could only be harmful to plants, not to humans. (  )5. Effective actions must be taken to deal with the climate change. (E)Complete the passage with the correct form of the words in the brackets(括号).Are you a fashionable person? If the answer is yes, you must have _______ (hear) of microblogs! A microblogis a miniblog. It is much ________ (short) than a blog. You can only write about 140 words on it for one message. It has become a very popular way for people ___________ (check) news or communicate with other people.There _________(be) many ways to write a microblog. You can write it ____________ (use) a computer or your mobile phone. On a microblog, you can talk about your _____________ (feel), comment on other peoples messages or talk about hot topics with strangers. Besides these things, you can also put your photos or favorite songs on yourmicroblog. On a microblog, you can pay special attention to people you like, and then you become their fan. You can have a lot of fans, too. Many famous people have startedmicroblogs, such as the famous __________ (act), Yao Chen, Zhao Wei and the famous ___________ (sing), Wang Fei. Yao Chen is considered to be the "Queen of Microblog" in _____________ (Chinese). Now, the ___________ (famous) microblog in the world is "Twitter", created byEvan Williams. Many country leaders also communicate with each other on Twitter. (F)Complete the passage with proper words whose first letters have been given.“Your colleagues might like you better if you like yourself better” – Chandler Bing, Friends  Your self-image is the one largest factor to your success and to your h____________.  If you can learn to truly like y_________ and respect what you can bring to the table your life will never be the same.  Getting to know you  If you are going to like yourself you first need to know yourself.  Take some time alone, sit in a room with a piece of paper and right down e__________ that you feel makes you, you. Make a list. The positive (积极的), the negative(消极的)and the things that just are.  No one is perfect  Don’t be worried that it says a lot of negative things on that l___________.  They are a part of you, but know that you know about them you can start on working to i_________ them.
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