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2020年中考英语阅读专项训练—新冠肺炎专题(原创有答案).docx

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2020 年中 英语 阅读 专项 训练 肺炎 专题 原创 答案
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2020年中考英语阅读专项训练—新冠肺炎专题一、完形填空AWuhan resident (居民) Feng Bangli came down with a fever at the end of January. He worried that he might have been infected (感染) by the novel coronavirus. Due to a lack of beds and medical supplies in hospitals at that time, he had to stay at home and take medication (药物治疗) 1_____ his own.Luckily, about a week later, Feng 2______ to a makeshift hospital (方舱医院) for treatment.“Without such makeshift hospitals, many COVID-19 patients like me may never have found a bed,” Feng said. He has since recovered and been discharged (准许离开) from Wuchang makeshift hospital 3_____ is for treating COVID-19 patients.To deal with the novel coronavirus outbreak, China started 4______ makeshift hospitals on Feb 3 in Wuhan. Two days later, Wuchang makeshift hospital was 5______ to receive patients. In total, Wuhan built 15 makeshift hospitals. They were built in exhibition (展览) halls, sports stadiums (场馆) 6_______ warehouses (仓库), according to China Daily. These hospitals allowed more than 12,000 COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms (轻症) to receive 7_______ and care.“Building makeshift hospitals provides a new way for us to manage with major public health emergencies as we 8_______ organize and expand (扩大) medical resources,” said Ma Xiaowei, minister of the National Health Commission.Similar hospitals are being built worldwide as other countries fight the virus.New York has finished 9______ a makeshift hospital in the Javits Convention Center. The 1,000-bed hospital started receiving patients at the beginning of April, CNN reported. London is changing Excel London, a major convention (会议) center,10______ a makeshift hospital. The NHS Nightingale Hospital, as it is being called, will have two wards (病房) and take in up to 4,000 patients.( )1.A.of B. on C. in D. by( )2.A.was sent B. is sent C. sent D. send( )3.A.where B. who C. what D. which( )4.A.built B. building C. to build D. build( )5A.first B. the first C. one D. once( )6.A.and B. but C. so D. or( )7.A.agreement B. treatment C. development D. argument( )8.A.quick B. quickly C. quicker D. more quickly( )9.A.coming up B. waking up C. setting up D. turning up( )10.A.into B. of C. by D. up参考答案: 1-5 BADCB 6-10 ABBCABWhat makes a hero? Most of us might not have the chance to fight bravely in a war, as we imagine many heroes do. 1______ , facing the spread of the novel coronavirus, many Chinese have shown their 2______, resilience (韧性) and dedication, just like heroes do. “A hero is someone 3______, in spite of weakness, doubt or not always knowing the answers, goes ahead and overcomes anyway,” said US actor Christopher Reeve, who was best known 4______ playing Superman.During the epidemic, everyone is afraid of the 5_______ disease. But out of responsibility, compassion (同情) or just simply wanting to do their jobs, some choose to hold their fear down, 6______ and fight the virus. They are known as “heroes in harm’s way”.Medical workers and scientists are always on the frontlines. Experts Zhong Nanshan, 84, and Li Lanjuan, 73, for example, 7______ day and night to develop rapid test kits and treat severe (重症的) patients; doctor Zhang Wenhong from Shanghai tries8______ the public about the virus in a humorous way; Li Wenliang and some other medical workers even lost their lives while fighting the epidemic.Besides these well-known names, many heroes remain unknown, although they also take risks and 9_______ their own parts. Construction (建筑) workers race against time to build makeshift (临时的) hospitals; volunteers ensure the transportation of supplies; and thousands of media workers keep the public updated with news and inspiring stories. Chinese writer Lu Xun said, “True heroes dare to look squarely to the gloomy (惨淡的) life and are bold (勇敢的) in facing up to the dripping (淋漓的) blood.” The battle against an epidemic is 10_______, but as long as there are heroes and heroic deeds, victory will be guaranteed (保证).        ( )1.A.But B. However C. And D. So( )2.A.courage B. encourage C. careless D. population( )3.A.which B. that C. who D. whose( )4.A.at B. with C. as D. for( )5A.dead B. deadly C. death D. die( )6.A.stand onto B. stand on C, stand up D. stand out( )7.A.have worked B. worked C. works D. had worked( )8.A.to educate B. educating C. educated D. educate( )9.A.play B. take C. bring D. carry( )10.A.hard B. hardly C. harder D. hardest参考答案: 1-5 BACDB 6-10 DAAAA二、选词填空。Athink about must fun he catch one quick encourage easyFighting the virus with humor and humbleness“Feel bored staying at home? So does the virus. If you stay longer, the virus will be bored to death.” This is how Zhang Wenhong advised people to stay indoors during the outbreak. As the head of the Shanghai expert team that treats novel coronavirus pneumonia, Zhang has become an internet celebrity due to his 1_____ and frank (率直的) way of talking.He first 2_______ people’s attention in late January, when he asked the members of the Communist Party of China (共产党员) in 3______ department to go to the frontline hospitals. “When becoming Party members, we vowed (发誓) that we would always put people’s interests 4______,” Zhang said. “This is the moment we live up to the vow. All Party members 5______ rush to the frontlines. No bargaining (讨价还价).” His determination and straightforward way of speaking 6______ won praise across the country. Meanwhile, as a Party member himself, Zhang set an example by checking on pneumonia patients every day. “I do it in person because I need 7_____ other coworkers,” he told the media.Zhang believes in the traditional Chinese idea that “the best doctors prevent the disease (上医治未病)”. That’s why he spares no efforts in spreading scientific knowledge on how to prevent the epidemic. His sense of humor has made it 8______ for the knowledge to reach the public. He and his team also update their WeChat account every day with timely analyses (分析) of the epidemic. One of his articles got more than 10 million hits.  But Zhang might not care about his sudden (突然的) fame. When asked 9_____ his feelings after becoming famous, Zhang told the media, “Don’t pay attention to me. Pay attention to Wuhan. I’m not a celebrity. I’m a doctor.”  Zhang Wenhong’s quotes“Everyone is a soldier. You’re not just quarantining (隔离) yourself at home, but combating (战斗) the virus.”“You are not a doctor, but what you do is more important than what doctors do.”“When you speak less, your 10______ spring. Staying indoors will bring you benefits (好处).”参考答案: 1.funny 2.caught 3.his 4.first 5.must 6.quickly 7.to encourage 8.easier 9.about 10.thoughtsBmuch which build they work to good hospital fortunate say Two makeshift hospitals – Huoshenshan Hospital and Leishenshan Hospital – in Wuhan were built within just 15 days. The speed at which they 1______ has impressed people. Wen Bin, 39, from Hunan province, is one of more than 4,000 construction (建筑) workers who helped to build the 2______. On Jan 25 – the first day of Chinese New Year – Wen left his family and hurried 3_____ Wuhan. It’s 4______ that he couldn’t spend Spring Festival with his family. It’s also risky to work on the frontlines of the outbreak. But he 5_____ that he felt like he couldn’t stand by (袖手旁观). “As an ordinary person, I couldn’t do much to fight the virus. What I could do is do my job 6_____,” he told Rednet. Wen and his coworkers worked from 7 am to midnight every day. They had little time to spare. They usually ate 7_____ meals at the construction site to save time. At night, their work was 8______ difficult. They had to depend on lights while 9_____ and sometimes had to work in narrow (狭窄的) spaces for long periods of time.On Jan 27, Premier Li Keqiang visited the Huoshenshan Hospital construction site, 10_____ was where Wen worked at the time. Wen said he was encouraged by Premier Li’s visit. He told himself to keep working hard until the hospital was finally finished.参考答案: 1.were built 2.hospitals 3.to 4.unfortunate 5.said 6.well 7.their 8.more 9.working 10.whichC to by woman surprise become wear Asia be they much People all over the world are now taking action to fight against the novel coronavirus. But how they respond may depend on their own culture and traditions. Let’s take a look. On Feb 26, when an Italian lawmaker (议员) went into the country’s Lower Chamber with a mask to prevent the novel coronavirus, he was criticized (批评) 1______ his colleagues for “causing panic (恐慌)”. Articles from Western media carry headlines such as “No, you do not need face masks to prevent coronavirus.” You might be 2_______, as in China and other Asian countries, people have willingly put masks on during the outbreak. Western thoughts about masksIn the West, people are taught 3______ masks only when they get sick. Masks are seen as a tool to protect sick people and prevent the disease from spreading, so healthy people don’t need to wear them. Therefore, during the novel coronavirus outbreak, overseas Chinese students said that they would be “stared at like a virus spreader” if they go out with a mask. According to a survey done by Global Times among some European and American people, wearing a mask in public can make them feel “worried”, “shy”, and “afraid of 4_____ looked at differently.”But as the number of COVID-19 cases continues to grow around the world, many people in the West are changing 5______ attitudes (态度) . In the US, for example, the need for masks is very high now. The US surgeon general (卫生局局长) has been asking people to avoid hoarding (囤积) masks, as they are 6_____ needed in hospitals than by the general public.Mask culture in the EastIn 7______ countries like China and Japan, there has been a long tradition of mask-wearing. In China, for example, when doctor Wu Liande invented the modern medical mask during the pneumonic plague (肺鼠疫) in 1910, the mask 8______ a symbol of China’s position as a modern, scientific nation, according to Scottish medical anthropologist (人类学家) Christos Lynteris. u The 2003 SARS epidemic again led to the wide use of masks as a form of anti-viral (抗病毒的) protection in China and elsewhere in East Asia. In Japan, wearing masks has long been seen as a manner to reassure (使安心) others when one catches a cold or flu. Some Japanese also turn masks into fashion accessories (配饰), with different colors and patterns to match their clothes. Wearing masks is also a way to “hide” for young 9______ when they don’t have their makeup (化妆) on. In more collectivist (集体主义的) cultures in Asia, wearing masks might also be a symbol of solidarity (团结) during the outbreak, according 10_____ Lynteris. “Mask culture [in Asia] creates a sense of a fate (命运) shared, common obligation (责任) and civic (公民的) duty.” People wear masks “to show that they want to stick together” in the face of danger, Lynteris wrote.  参考答案: 1.by 2.surprised 3.to wear 4.being 5.their 6.more 7.Asian 8.became 9.women 10.to
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